XmlReader, Parse XML FileUse XmlReader on an XML file. XmlReader is a fast way to read XML.
This page was last reviewed on Sep 28, 2022.
XmlReader. This class reads XML data. With this System.Xml type, we sequentially read in each element of an XML file. This reduces memory usage and improves performance.
Some notes. The XmlReader requires we call the Read() function in a loop. This may not be as simple as other approaches, but it often is faster.
This example uses a simple XML file. It contains a <perls> element and also several <article> elements. The article element has an attribute "name" as well.
Here We call XmlReader.Create to open an XmlReader on the target file. Next, we loop through the entire file using While reader.Read().
Loop We detect start elements using IsStartElement. Then, we can access the Name property on the XmlReader to get the current tag name.
Attribute To get an attribute, use the indexer reader("name") where "name" is the attribute identifier.
Tip You can specialize logic based on what the current element is—just use If-statements or Select Case statements.
If Then
Select Case
Imports System.Xml Module Module1 Sub Main() ' Create an XML reader. Using reader As XmlReader = XmlReader.Create("C:\perls.xml") While reader.Read() ' Check for start elements. If reader.IsStartElement() Then ' See if perls element or article element. If reader.Name = "perls" Then Console.WriteLine("Start <perls> element.") ElseIf reader.Name = "article" Then Console.WriteLine("Start <article> element.") ' Get name attribute. Dim attribute As String = reader("name") If attribute IsNot Nothing Then Console.WriteLine(" Has attribute name: {0}", attribute) End If ' Text data. If reader.Read() Then Console.WriteLine(" Text node: {0}", reader.Value.Trim()) End If End If End If End While End Using End Sub End Module
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?> <perls> <article name="backgroundworker"> Example text. </article> <article name="threadpool"> More text. </article> <article></article> <article>Final text.</article> </perls>
Start <perls> element. Start <article> element. Has attribute name: backgroundworker Text node: Example text. Start <article> element. Has attribute name: threadpool Text node: More text. Start <article> element. Text node: Start <article> element. Text node: Final text.
Value. Text nodes can be accessed with the reader.Value property. This returns the text node if the XmlReader is currently on a text node. The returned value is a String.
Summary. An XmlReader provides a fast way to read in XML files. You have to loop over each element with the Read function, and then test the properties of the XmlReader.
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This page was last updated on Sep 28, 2022 (edit).
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