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Rust Uppercase First LetterCreate functions that uppercase the first letter in strings, and the first words in strings.
Uppercase first. Suppose we have a string in our Rust program and want it to have an uppercase first letter. We can transform "bird" into "Bird."
With some logic, we can copy the strings and uppercase certain letters in them. The chars() iterator is useful for looping over the initial string.
Loop chars
Example program. To begin we introduce 2 functions, uppercase_first and uppercase_words. These functions receive a str reference, and then return a new String.
Uppercase first We call to_ascii_uppercase() on the first char in the string. Other chars are left unchanged.
Uppercase words We call to_ascii_uppercase() on the first char in the string, and any chars after a space are considered first chars as well.
fn uppercase_first(data: &str) -> String { // Uppercase first letter. let mut result = String::new(); let mut first = true; for value in data.chars() { if first { result.push(value.to_ascii_uppercase()); first = false; } else { result.push(value); } } result } fn uppercase_words(data: &str) -> String { // Uppercase first letter in string, and letters after spaces. let mut result = String::new(); let mut first = true; for value in data.chars() { if first { result.push(value.to_ascii_uppercase()); first = false; } else { result.push(value); if value == ' ' { first = true; } } } result } fn main() { let test = "bird frog"; println!("UPPERCASE FIRST: {}", uppercase_first(test)); println!("UPPERCASE_WORDS: {}", uppercase_words(test)); }
UPPERCASE FIRST: Bird frog UPPERCASE_WORDS: Bird Frog
A summary. Many functions in Rust, like those used for implementing the uppercasing of first letters, are about the same as in other languages. Str reference arguments are important to understand.
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