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C# try KeywordUse the try keyword. This keyword describes protected regions of code.
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Try. The try keyword begins an exception handling block. Control flow enters a protected region. If an error occurs in a statement in a try block, another path may be reached.
We already know that try is used to implement exception handling, but it is useful to take a closer look. Try is implemented with a special instruction in the intermediate language.
Catch
Exception
An example. In this program, 2 methods are present. We see the A method, which uses the try and catch keywords, and the B method, which does not.
And In the A method, the try keyword denotes that a protected region of code begins.
Note This means when the DivideByZeroException is thrown, the catch block will be entered.
DivideByZeroException
C# program that shows try keyword
using System; class Program { static void Main() { A(); B(); } static void A() { try { int value = 1 / int.Parse("0"); } catch { Console.WriteLine("A"); } } static void B() { int value = 1 / int.Parse("0"); Console.WriteLine("B"); } }
A Unhandled Exception: System.DivideByZeroException: Attempted to divide by zero. at Program.B() in C:\...\Program.cs:line 25 at Program.Main() in C:\...\Program.cs:line 8
Finally. The try keyword is not only used to deal with potential errors. It is also used with finally. A finally block executes always after the completion of the try block statements.
Finally
Here In this program, no errors occur. It is unlikely that Console.WriteLine will throw an exception here.
And The try-finally blocks are likely unnecessary. The program shows the try statement's use in the absence of exceptions.
Console
C# program that uses try with finally
using System; class Program { static void Main() { try { Console.WriteLine("A"); } finally { Console.WriteLine("B"); } } }
A B
Protected regions. We next look at the intermediate representation (IL). When a method uses exception handling, the IL shows an ending descriptor (.try, to, catch object handler, to).
IL
Note This tells the virtual execution engine how to execute the statements in the method in those ranges.
Intermediate representation for A: IL
.method private hidebysig static void A() cil managed { .maxstack 2 L_0000: ldc.i4.1 L_0001: ldstr "0" L_0006: call int32 [mscorlib]System.Int32::Parse(string) L_000b: div L_000c: pop L_000d: leave.s L_001c L_000f: pop L_0010: ldstr "A" L_0015: call void [mscorlib]System.Console::WriteLine(string) L_001a: leave.s L_001c L_001c: ret .try L_0000 to L_000f catch object handler L_000f to L_001c }
Notes, opcodes. There is no "try" opcode instruction in the same way there is a call instruction. Exception handling is built into the execution engine at all levels.
And The engine knows at every statement whether it is inside a protected region.
Thus Try is a keyword that modifies many statements, not an imperative opcode.
A summary. We used the try keyword. And we tried to understand its implementation. It specifies a range of protected statements, and is always used with catch or finally.
This functionality is built into the virtual execution engine at a deep level. Try is an important and useful C# keyword. It helps with the development of error-proof, reliable code.
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