C# StringReader ExampleUse the StringReader class from System.IO to read parts of strings.
dot net perls
StringReader. In C# there are many ways to separate a string into lines. With StringReader, we read lines from a string individually in the order they appear.
Type notes. The StringReader type enables us to access string data through a stream-oriented interface. It can replace Split() method calls, and sometimes improve performance.
Example. StringReader is a class found in the System.IO namespace. The instance constructor receives a string parameter. This is stored internally as a field in the StringReader.
Program We use a const string from the metadata to instantiate the StringReader instance.
ReadLine We can then read each line individually from the string data, in a way similar to reading a file with StreamReader.
String Literal
While The while-loop uses an embedded assignment and checks the string variable result for null to detect the end of file condition.
C# program that uses StringReader
using System; using System.IO; class Program { const string _input = @"Dot Net Perls is a website you are reading"; static void Main() { // Creates new StringReader instance from System.IO using (StringReader reader = new StringReader(_input)) { // Loop over the lines in the string. int count = 0; string line; while ((line = reader.ReadLine()) != null) { count++; Console.WriteLine("Line {0}: {1}", count, line); } } } }
Line 1: Dot Net Perls Line 2: is a website Line 3: you are reading
Benchmark. How efficient is StringReader in comparison to the Split method? We ran a simple benchmark that separates into lines a string literal with several newline characters in it.
Methods The two methods, Method1 and Method2, both count the number of non-newline characters in the lines.
Result We find that StringReader is much faster than Split. This is likely because no arrays were needed.
And With StringReader, each line could be brought into memory as a string object as we go along.
Tip If you need to separate a string into lines and do not need an array, the StringReader may be more efficient than Split.
C# program that tests StringReader and Split
using System; using System.Diagnostics; using System.IO; class Program { static int Method1(string data) { int count = 0; using (StringReader reader = new StringReader(data)) { while (true) { string line = reader.ReadLine(); if (line == null) { break; } count += line.Length; } } return count; } static int Method2(string data) { int count = 0; string[] lines = data.Split(new char[] { '\n' }); foreach (string line in lines) { count += line.Length; } return count; } static void Main() { const string data = "Dot\nNet\nPerls\nIs a website\nDo you like it?"; Console.WriteLine(Method1(data)); Console.WriteLine(Method2(data)); const int max = 1000000; var s1 = Stopwatch.StartNew(); for (int i = 0; i < max; i++) { Method1(data); } s1.Stop(); var s2 = Stopwatch.StartNew(); for (int i = 0; i < max; i++) { Method2(data); } s2.Stop(); Console.WriteLine(((double)(s1.Elapsed.TotalMilliseconds * 1000000) / max).ToString("0.00 ns")); Console.WriteLine(((double)(s2.Elapsed.TotalMilliseconds * 1000000) / max).ToString("0.00 ns")); } }
38 38 314.09 ns (StringReader) 374.67 ns (Split)
Read blocks. Read() can be used to populate a character array (a block) based on a range of the StringReader buffer. The buffer must be allocated before you call the method.
Internals. StringReader is a class with a member field string, an integer position, and an integer length. All the logic on the StringReader is based on the values of these three fields.
ReadLine internals. The ReadLine method on StringReader simply scans for the next newline starting at the current position, and then returns a substring based on the field string.
Tip StringReader internally stores only one string. It allocates and copies new strings each time you call Read methods.
Summary. StringReader provides methods that are stream-oriented, enabling you to use a string as a file stream. StringReader is useful for looping over the lines in a string.
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