Sort by File SizeGet an array of files and sort them by their sizes, from largest to smallest. Use OrderByDescending.
This page was last reviewed on Sep 25, 2022.
Sort files, size. Files have varying sizes. In VB.NET, we can use Directory.GetFiles and OrderByDescending along with the FileInfo type to sort them from largest to smallest.
With this function, we can determine the largest file in a directory. This may be the most important file. Alternatively, we can find the smallest file.
Example. We first invoke Directory.GetFiles, which returns a string array of the files in the directory. Next, we invoke the OrderByDescending method.
Detail The OrderByDescending call is more complex. It receives a Func argument—this is an anonymous method.
Detail The Func method is created with anonymous method syntax. The Function receives a string (the file name) and returns its length.
So The OrderByDescending method sorts the files by their lengths. We then convert its result (an IEnumerable) into an array with ToArray.
Imports System.IO Module Module1 Sub Main() ' The target directory. Dim dir As String = "C:\\programs" ' Get files. Dim files() As String = Directory.GetFiles(dir) ' Order files from largest size to smallest size. Dim sorted() As String = files.OrderByDescending( New Func(Of String, Integer)(Function(fn As String) Return New FileInfo(fn).Length End Function)).ToArray ' Loop and display files. For Each element As String In sorted Console.WriteLine(element) Console.WriteLine(New FileInfo(element).Length) Next End Sub End Module
C:\\programs\file.py 611 C:\\programs\file.rb 369 C:\\programs\file.php 235 C:\\programs\file.pl 184
In the output, we see that the folder contains four script files. The largest is file.py—it is 611 bytes. The smallest meanwhile is file.pl which is 184 bytes.
Tip This program is inefficient. If you built a data structure (a List of KeyValuePairs) you could avoid accessing FileInfo so many times.
Summary. This program uses System.IO functions to get a file array and their sizes. And with OrderByDescending we specify a lambda expression (an anonymous method) to sort the file names.
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Sam Allen is passionate about computer languages. In the past, his work has been recommended by Apple and Microsoft and he has studied computers at a selective university in the United States.
This page was last updated on Sep 25, 2022 (edit).
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