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C# Sort by File SizeSort files by their sizes in bytes using the System.Linq namespace.
Sort files, size. Each file in a directory has a size in bytes. A C# method can sort an array of these files by their sizes in bytes—from largest to smallest (or the opposite).
Useful. This logic is sometimes useful for categorization and presenting UIs with file lists. Many approaches are possible, but we use the LINQ extension methods.
FileInfo Length
FileInfo
Sort
Example. We use the FileInfo class and its Length property to get the length of each file. The File class doesn't have a Length getter, and reading in the entire file each time would be wasteful.
GetFiles The program uses the Directory.GetFiles method found in the System.IO namespace.
Directory.GetFiles
Tip This is the easiest (and normally the best) way to get a string array containing each file name.
Array The identifier "fns" is used to reference the string array. An descriptive word would be better style.
C# program that sorts files by size
using System; using System.IO; using System.Linq; class Program { static void Main() { // Directory of files. const string dir = "C:\\site"; // File names. string[] fns = Directory.GetFiles(dir); // Order by size. var sort = from fn in fns orderby new FileInfo(fn).Length descending select fn; // List files. foreach (string n in sort) { Console.WriteLine(n); } } }
(List of all files in the directory)
Understanding query syntax. We use LINQ syntax to order the string array by each Length value from the FileInfo of each file. We can use any C# expression in the query orderby part.
orderby
Descending
Summary. We sorted files by their sizes. In complex applications, we can store the file metadata in object models. But not all applications are complex and this code is useful for small tasks.
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