C# Pretty Date Format (Hours or Minutes Ago)Format friendly or pretty dates like one hour ago or just now. Review the logic for pretty dates.
Pretty dates are easier to read. They are nicely formatted. We can show "1 hour ago" or "1 minute ago", instead of seconds. We implement a pretty date method for use in ASP.NET or Windows programs.
Example. Prettily-formatted dates are sometimes overlooked in ASP.NET or Windows applications. This final touch can improve your program. To display usable relative and pretty dates, you need to calculate the time elapsed from the original date.
So The method here receives the original DateTime, and then uses DateTime.Now to calculate the elapsed time.
GetPrettyDate The first steps in the GetPrettyDate method take the elapsed days and seconds from the original date.
DateTime, Elapsed
Step 5 Here we handle recent dates, in the same day. You can see in parts A - E that there is a chain of conditionals that return pretty strings.
Step 6 Finally, we handle more distant dates. The method here doesn't handle months and years.
Original. I wanted to follow the logic in the original pretty.js JavaScript code, because I felt it would be best to follow the same rules. This way, you can swap the two methods and use one on the ASP.NET server and the other in JavaScript.
Note Thanks to John Resig for the original code and inspiration. His code is under the MIT license.
C# program that displays pretty dates
using System; class Program { static void Main() { // Test 90 seconds ago. Console.WriteLine(GetPrettyDate(DateTime.Now.AddSeconds(-90))); // Test 25 minutes ago. Console.WriteLine(GetPrettyDate(DateTime.Now.AddMinutes(-25))); // Test 45 minutes ago. Console.WriteLine(GetPrettyDate(DateTime.Now.AddMinutes(-45))); // Test 4 hours ago. Console.WriteLine(GetPrettyDate(DateTime.Now.AddHours(-4))); // Test 15 days ago. Console.WriteLine(GetPrettyDate(DateTime.Now.AddDays(-15))); } static string GetPrettyDate(DateTime d) { // 1. // Get time span elapsed since the date. TimeSpan s = DateTime.Now.Subtract(d); // 2. // Get total number of days elapsed. int dayDiff = (int)s.TotalDays; // 3. // Get total number of seconds elapsed. int secDiff = (int)s.TotalSeconds; // 4. // Don't allow out of range values. if (dayDiff < 0 || dayDiff >= 31) { return null; } // 5. // Handle same-day times. if (dayDiff == 0) { // A. // Less than one minute ago. if (secDiff < 60) { return "just now"; } // B. // Less than 2 minutes ago. if (secDiff < 120) { return "1 minute ago"; } // C. // Less than one hour ago. if (secDiff < 3600) { return string.Format("{0} minutes ago", Math.Floor((double)secDiff / 60)); } // D. // Less than 2 hours ago. if (secDiff < 7200) { return "1 hour ago"; } // E. // Less than one day ago. if (secDiff < 86400) { return string.Format("{0} hours ago", Math.Floor((double)secDiff / 3600)); } } // 6. // Handle previous days. if (dayDiff == 1) { return "yesterday"; } if (dayDiff < 7) { return string.Format("{0} days ago", dayDiff); } if (dayDiff < 31) { return string.Format("{0} weeks ago", Math.Ceiling((double)dayDiff / 7)); } return null; } }
1 minute ago 25 minutes ago 45 minutes ago 4 hours ago 3 weeks ago
Summary. We looked at how to display well-formatted and human-readable pretty dates. This code is mainly a finishing touch for your applications. It is something that I wished I had when rushing to complete a project.
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