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Module ExampleUse a module with the Module block. Members in a Module are shared.
VB.NET
This page was last reviewed on Mar 21, 2022.
Module. A Module is not a class. It is a container element, but is not an object. In a Module, all members are shared and have "Friend" accessibility.
Some notes. We cannot instantiate a Module—it serves mainly to organize code in a global, single place. It is similar to a namespace or static class in other languages (such as C#).
Class
This example uses 2 modules. By default, the Sub Main is placed in a Module called "Module1." This is where control flow begins in a VB.NET program.
Module2 This module has a field, _value, which is shared automatically (implicitly). So the field has only one instance.
Sub In Module2 we see a Sub called Increment. This is by default "Friend." It can be easily accessed from Main.
Increment When Increment is called, the field _value is changed. This change persists throughout uses of Increment.
Note This demonstrates that the field is shared, even though it has no shared keyword.
Shared
Module Module1 Sub Main() ' Use Module2. ' ... It does not need to be created. Module2.Increment() Module2.Increment() Module2.Increment() End Sub End Module Module Module2 Dim _value As Integer Sub Increment() ' The value is shared. Console.WriteLine(_value) ' Change the value. _value += 1 End Sub End Module
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Error. We cannot instantiate an instance of a Module. There is no "New" Sub on it. A Module is not a type, but rather an organizational namespace for programs that is shared.
Warning If you try to create a Module, you will get an error. Please consider adding a class to fix this problem.
Error:
Module 'Module2' cannot be used as a type.
Discussion. A Module has many rules. For example, it cannot inherit from another module. And you cannot specify the shared keyword on any of its members (they are already shared).
Summary. Modules are common in VB.NET. But more complex data structures are not built with many modules—rather they use classes as building blocks. A module is an organizational construct.
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Sam Allen is passionate about computer languages. In the past, his work has been recommended by Apple and Microsoft and he has studied computers at a selective university in the United States.
This page was last updated on Mar 21, 2022 (simplify).
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