Math.ceil MethodUse the Math.ceil method to compute ceiling functions for floating-point numbers.
This page was last reviewed on Jan 24, 2024.
Math.ceil. Integers have no fractional parts. With the floor and ceiling functions we compute integers. A floor is the lower integer, and a ceiling is the higher one.
To compute a ceiling, we invoke Math.ceil. This method receives, and returns, a double value. If passed a number with no fractional part, that number is returned unchanged.
First example. With this method, a number is always increased if it has a fractional part. It does not matter how close to the lower number the number is. It is increased by ceil().
Tip The important thing to understand about Math.ceil is that it receives a double and returns a double.
Note We can pass a float to Math.ceil and the Java compiler will transform it to a double implicitly.
import java.lang.Math; public class Program { public static void main(String[] args) { // Compute ceilings of these values. double value = Math.ceil(1.1); double value2 = Math.ceil(-0.9); System.out.println(value); System.out.println(value2); } }
2.0 -0.0
Ceiling, floor study. This program studies the result of floor and ceil. For numbers with no fractional part (like 1.0 or 2.0) we find that the ceiling and floor are equal.
Thus There is no point in calling ceil or floor() on a number we already know has no fractional part.
public class Program { public static void main(String[] args) { // Analyze these numbers. double[] values = { 1.0, 1.1, 1.5, 1.9, 2.0 }; for (double value : values) { // Compute the floor and the ceil for the number. double floor = Math.floor(value); double ceil = Math.ceil(value); // See if the floor equals the ceil. boolean equal = floor == ceil; // Print the values. System.out.println(value + ", Floor = " + floor + ", Ceil = " + ceil + ", Equal = " + equal); } } }
1.0, Floor = 1.0, Ceil = 1.0, Equal = true 1.1, Floor = 1.0, Ceil = 2.0, Equal = false 1.5, Floor = 1.0, Ceil = 2.0, Equal = false 1.9, Floor = 1.0, Ceil = 2.0, Equal = false 2.0, Floor = 2.0, Ceil = 2.0, Equal = true
With the Math class, we gain many powerful and well-tested methods. Math.ceil is similar to Math.floor. And programs that use one often use the other.
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This page was last updated on Jan 24, 2024 (edit).
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