IList ExampleUse the IList generic interface, which is implemented by the List and array types.
This page was last reviewed on Feb 9, 2024.
IList. In C# lists and arrays implement IList. This interface is an abstraction that allows list types to be used with through a single reference.
With IList, we can create a single method to receive an int array, or a List of ints. This is powerful—it allows us to combine and reuse code.
Example. With IList, you must specify a type parameter. If you want your method to act upon ints, you can use IList int. Any type (string, object) can be specified.
Next In this program, we introduce the Display method, which receives an IList int parameter.
Detail The Display method accesses the Count property and then uses the enumerator in a foreach-loop.
Info You can pass an int[] or a List int to the Display method. These are implicitly cast to their base interface IList int.
Note Arrays always implement IList T. The List type also implements IList T.
using System; using System.Collections.Generic; class Program { static void Main() { int[] array = new int[3]; array[0] = 1; array[1] = 2; array[2] = 3; Display(array); List<int> list = new List<int>(); list.Add(5); list.Add(7); list.Add(9); Display(list); } static void Display(IList<int> list) { Console.WriteLine("Count: {0}", list.Count); foreach (int value in list) { Console.WriteLine(value); } } }
Count: 3 1 2 3 Count: 3 5 7 9
IEnumerable use. Consider this alternative program—it uses IEnumerable instead of IList. With IEnumerable we do not have a Count property.
But We can use the Count() extension method from LINQ on an IEnumerable. This will return the same value.
using System; using System.Collections.Generic; class Program { static void Main() { Display(new int[] {1, 2}); Display(new List<int>() {1, 2}); } static void Display(IEnumerable<int> list) { foreach (int value in list) { Console.WriteLine(value); } } }
1 2 1 2
Discussion. You can also implement IList T for a custom class. The methods required are an indexer, the IndexOf method, the Insert method, and the RemoveAt method.
List Insert
List Remove
Summary. We looked at the IList generic interface, which can be used as an abstraction for arrays and Lists. The IList generic interface is separate from the regular IList interface.
Dot Net Perls is a collection of tested code examples. Pages are continually updated to stay current, with code correctness a top priority.
Sam Allen is passionate about computer languages. In the past, his work has been recommended by Apple and Microsoft and he has studied computers at a selective university in the United States.
This page was last updated on Feb 9, 2024 (edit).
© 2007-2024 Sam Allen.