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double Truncate ExampleTruncate a double by casting it to an int. The fractional part is removed.
Java
This page was last reviewed on Aug 6, 2021.
Truncate double. Truncating a number removes the fractional part. This functionality is not the same as Math.floor, ceil or round—they affect negative or positive values in a different way.
With a cast, we can remove the fractional part. This does not help with doubles that cannot be represented by ints—but for many cases it is acceptable.
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Example program. Here we demonstrate Math.floor and Math.round on 2 doubles. Both of the methods change -1.5 to -2. This is not the goal of a truncate method.
However Math.floor could be used for positive values to truncate. And Math.ceil could be used for negative values.
import java.lang.Math; public class Program { public static void main(String[] args) { double test1 = 1.234; double test2 = -1.567; // ... Math.floor will always go towards negative infinity. System.out.println(Math.floor(test1)); System.out.println(Math.floor(test2)); // ... Math.round may go towards negative or positive infinity. System.out.println(Math.round(test1)); System.out.println(Math.round(test2)); // ... Casting to int will remove the fractional part. // This truncates the number. System.out.println((int) test1); System.out.println((int) test2); } }
1.0 -2.0 1 -2 1 -1
Truncate method. Here we implement a truncate() method for doubles. It uses Math.ceil if the number is negative, and Math.floor otherwise.
Tip The truncateSafely method removes the fractional part for negative and positive numbers.
import java.lang.Math; public class Program { static double truncateSafely(double value) { // For negative numbers, use Math.ceil. // ... For positive numbers, use Math.floor. if (value < 0) { return Math.ceil(value); } else { return Math.floor(value); } } public static void main(String[] args) { double test1 = 1.234; double test2 = -1.567; System.out.println(truncateSafely(test1)); System.out.println(truncateSafely(test2)); } }
1.0 -1.0
Some notes. For important numeric applications, I would use Math.floor, Math.round or Math.ceil. For cases where a simple truncation of a small value is needed, an int cast is sufficient.
With a method like truncateSafely, we can combine Math.ceil and Math.floor to avoid problems with casting to int. No Math.truncate method is present in Java 8.
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This page was last updated on Aug 6, 2021 (edit link).
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