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C# Convert String to Byte ArrayConvert a string to a byte array and then reverse the conversion.
String, byte array. A string can be converted into a byte array. Strings are stored with two bytes per character. ASCII only allows one byte per character.
Conversion problems. With some ASCII conversions, we can lose data. With Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes, and GetString, we perform this conversion.
First example. This program uses a constant string literal and then converts that to a byte array. The GetBytes method will cause an incorrect conversion if the input string is not ASCII.
String Literal
Main The character representations from the input string were first converted to fit in one byte elements each.
Info We see that the integer 97 corresponds to the lowercase letter "a". This is the correct value.
Then In the final loop, we examine each byte of the resulting byte array. We see its numeric and character-based representation.
Foreach
Byte
using System; using System.Text; class Program { static void Main() { // Input string. const string input = "abc!"; // Invoke GetBytes method. // ... You can store this array as a field! byte[] array = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(input); // Loop through contents of the array. foreach (byte element in array) { Console.WriteLine("{0} = {1}", element, (char)element); } } }
97 = a 98 = b 99 = c 33 = !
Example 2. A byte array can be converted into a string. This program allocates an array of bytes. These represent characters in ASCII. Next the ASCIIEncoding.ASCII.GetString method is used.
Tip You will need to ensure System.Text is included to compile the program. Please add the using System.Text directive.
Note We see that the byte array does not need to contain the "\0" character to be converted to a string correctly.
Space The space character in the example is encoded as the byte 32. We provide more information on the char type.
Char
using System; using System.Text; class Program { static void Main() { byte[] array = { 68, 111, 116, 32, 78, 101, 116, 32, 80, 101, 114, 108, 115 }; string value = ASCIIEncoding.ASCII.GetString(array); Console.WriteLine(value); } }
Dot Net Perls
Benchmark, memory. Suppose we want to "compress" ASCII strings in memory. We can convert strings to byte arrays with no loss of data, and this reduces total memory usage.
GC.Collect
Version 1 This code allocates an array of 10,000 strings. The memory this requires is measured.
Version 2 Here we change each string into a byte array. And the memory of this array is measured.
Byte Array
Result The string[] required about 480,000 bytes. The byte[][] (a jagged array of byte arrays) required 320,000 bytes.
Jagged Arrays
Tip You can convert the byte arrays back into strings by calling ASCIIEncoding.ASCII.GetString.
using System; using System.IO; using System.Text; class Program { static void Main() { // Version 1: get string array. long a = GC.GetTotalMemory(true); string[] array = Get(); long b = GC.GetTotalMemory(true); array[0] = null; // Version 2: get byte arrays. long c = GC.GetTotalMemory(true); byte[][] array2 = Compress(Get()); long d = GC.GetTotalMemory(true); array2[0] = null; Console.WriteLine(a); Console.WriteLine(b); Console.WriteLine(c); Console.WriteLine(d); } static string[] Get() { string[] output = new string[10000]; for (int i = 0; i < 10000; i++) { output[i] = Path.GetRandomFileName(); } return output; } static byte[][] Compress(string[] array) { byte[][] output = new byte[array.Length][]; for (int i = 0; i < array.Length; i++) { output[i] = ASCIIEncoding.ASCII.GetBytes(array[i]); } return output; } }
39128 479800 39784 320056
A summary. It is possible to convert strings and byte arrays. This conversion may cause some data loss if you are using some characters that are not in the ASCII character set.
Because of problems, be careful when using this method in places where not necessary. There is a performance cost to these conversions.
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