Strings. Imagine a word like "dog." It refers to an animal. But it is also a string. It is a collection of letters (ints) that can be stored together in a logical block. Methods. Here are the methods and properties on strings. Some are static. We access them on the string type (like the string.Empty property).CompareCompareOrdinalCompareToConcatContainsCopyCopyToEndsWithEmptyEqualsFormatGetEnumeratorGetHashCodeIndexOfIndexOfAnyInsertInternIsInternedIsNormalizedIsNullOrEmptyIsNullOrWhiteSpaceJoinLastIndexOfLastIndexOfAnyLengthNormalizePadLeftPadRightRemoveReplaceSplitStartsWithSubstringToCharArrayToLowerToLowerInvariantToStringToUpperToUpperInvariantTrimTrimEndTrimStart String interpolation. A string can be created with interpolated values in it. This is similar to string.Format but the syntax is different. We precede the string literal with a "$" sign.String Interpolation Constructor. Strings are often reused, and passed around within a program. Methods like Replace() create new strings. But we can also create new ones with a constructor.String Constructor Literals. These specify string data. We use quotes around literal data (characters). Literals are embedded in the program executable.Literal Comparisons. Are two strings equal? In a Dictionary, we can use a StringComparer to change how keys are compared. We can ignore case.StringComparerStringComparison TextInfo. This type provides some helpful methods. We can convert a string To Title Case with ToTitleCase. No custom methods are needed.TextInfoTextInfo: ToTitleCase Whitespace. Strings often contain newline or whitespace. We often need to check for these values. We use methods like IsNullOrWhitespace.NewLineLine CountWhitespace Empty. An empty string has zero characters. Meanwhile a null string is no string at all. It is a reference that points to no memory location.Empty StringsNull Strings Chars. A string contains data made up of individual characters. We deal with these chars in looping constructs. Accessing chars is a fast way to test strings.CharString Chars Loops. We can loop over a string with any style of loop. When no index is required, a foreach-loop will result in the clearest code.ForeachFor, string Parse, TryParse. These methods transform strings into other types. Many parsing routines are built-in. Usually it is a bad idea to create our own if one already exists.Parse Conversions. We can convert a list into a string. And we can convert a string into a byte array. These are some of the most common conversions.Convert List, StringConvert String, Byte ArrayConvert String, Int Performance. In typical usage strings are fast. But they are sometimes used in an inefficient way. Often reducing string allocations is helpful.Equals PerformanceInterpolation BenchmarkMemory UsageToString CacheToString Formats Custom methods. Many string algorithms are composed from the built-in methods. With Substring calls we can Truncate strings. With ToCharArray we can change characters.IsUpper, IsLowerRightToCharArray: Edit CharsTruncateUppercase First Letters Explanations. I explain concepts of strings. How do we append strings when there is no append method? We also learn to increment strings.String AppendString IncrementString Property StringBuilder. This is not a string, but it is used to build up or change strings. For appending strings in a loop, we likely want to use StringBuilder.StringBuilder StringBuilder, methods. Here are some methods that the StringBuilder class provides. Some optimizations based on StringBuilder are shown.AppendAppendFormatAppendLineCapacityClearToString StringBuilder, performance. With StringBuilder we have an optimized string type, built for appends. But some ways of using StringBuilder are faster than others.StringBuilder AppendStringBuilder Append IntStringBuilder CacheStringBuilder Data TypesStringBuilder EqualsStringBuilder MemoryStringBuilder MistakeStringBuilder OptimizationStringBuilder PerformanceStringBuilder Substring
A review. A string is immutable. It can be used in many methods, and none of them have to worry about data changes. It never becomes invalid. This reduces copies.