Python max, min ExamplesCall the max and min built-in functions to search for the largest and smallest elements in lists.
Max, min. In a list, we do not need to search for the largest or smallest element. Instead we use max and min. The maximum or minimum value is returned.
With 2 arguments, max returns the larger of the two. And min returns the smaller. We can use max and min to compare two variables.Built-ins
Max and min act on iterables. A list is a common iterable. We use max and min on a list with positive and negative integer elements.List
Here: Max returns the value 1000, which is larger than all other elements in the list. And min returns negative 100.
Tip: In all uses, max and min return a single value. If all elements are equal, that value is returned.
Python program that uses max, min
values = [1, -1, -2, 0]
# Find the max and min elements.
Consider the use of max and min on a list of strings. An alphabetic sort is used to test strings. The same comparison is used to sort a list.
So: The string that is sorted first is the min. And the string that comes last in sorting is the max.
Python program that uses max, min on string list
values = ["cat", "bird", "apple"]
# Use max on the list of strings.
result = max(values)
print("MAX", values, result)
# Use min.
result = min(values)
print("MIN", values, result)
MAX ['cat', 'bird', 'apple'] cat
MIN ['cat', 'bird', 'apple'] apple
A program has two variables. One has a value larger than the other. We can determine the larger value by passing both variables to max.
Java: This use of max and min is similar to methods like Math.max in Java and Math.Max in C#.
Python program that uses max, min with two arguments
value1 = 100
value2 = -5
# Call max with two arguments.
# ... The larger argument is returned.
maximum = max(value1, value2)
# Call min with two arguments.
minimum = min(value1, value2)
# If the arguments are equal, max and min return that value.
print("MAX", max(0, 0))
print("MIN", min(0, 0))
A summary. With max and min, we search iterables for the largest and smallest elements. We can use these built-in functions to compare 2 arguments and return the larger or smaller one.
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